糯米塞藕

  荷藕都可入畫,其清新高雅,為世人所贊,它們亦均可入菜,其爽淡可口,為大家所賞,所谓”上得廳堂,下得廚房”,正是如此。

  藕是荷的根,深埋在塘泥裡,那句”出污泥而不染”,說的便是。據說,污泥越黑,花就越高潔。

  然而說到做菜,學問還不止如此。就說藕吧,同樣是塘裡出來的,若是一潭死水,便絕然比不過活水裡生長的。而且,如果塘裡魚類品種眾多,營養自然就豐富、均衡,產出來的藕也自然愈加鮮嫩。用藕做菜,極是爽口,最常見的,有糖醋藕片、藕夾和糯米塞藕。

  糯米塞藕是江南的傳統菜式,或者說點心;若此物食用之時,澆上桂花糖漿,便稱之為桂花藕。桂花糖藕以杭州的最為出名,因為西湖白花藕被認為是藕中的極品。

  做糯米塞藕,要選用隔年的老藕。所謂隔年老藕,不是隔年采上來曬乾了的,而且花葉謝了之後,過了冬天再挖上來的藕。那時的藕,最是粗壯。藕要挑白的,白鮮水靈,當然漂亮,而且要選又粗又直的中段,孔裡的泥比較少,也方便把糯米塞進去。另外,要备三四兩糯米,在制作前一兩個小時浸好。

  有人喜歡在洗藕的時候,把表皮刮去,其实大可不必。因為藕極易氧化,即使刮去表皮,等到把米塞好,表面还是会起一層黑皮。其實,藕煮好之後,表皮會自然翹起,衹要輕輕撕去即可。

  洗完後,把藕的一頭切下手指寬的一片來,被切下的那片,可以浸在水中,以後還要蓋回去。這時应该仔細地觀察一下藕孔,如果孔裡有淤泥的話,就要把藕的另一頭也切一片下來,用急而細的水流從孔裡衝過去洗淨。然後,便是塞糯米了,如果藕的兩頭都被切下,先把一頭切下的藕片照著切口放回去,再豎著插入幾根牙簽固定。

  把藕豎起來,將米一調羹一調羹地舀起放在藕洞上,那些洞極小,米又輕,是絕不會自己落下去的,所有要用筷子把米推進洞裡,並且要一直杵到底。這是件相當細致的活,因為每次衹能塞进五六粒米去,而且都要把米塞到底,實在需要很好的耐心。這裡有個小竅門是用手攏住藕,就可以一次舀上兩三勺的糯米,稍稍節省一點時間。雖說要極好的耐心,卻也衹不過花上十五分鍾就能塞好一節藕,比那传说中把肉塞进绿豆牙的要方便多了。記住,每個洞裡都要塞滿塞紧。

  然後,把藕片依著切口蓋回,用牙簽固定,就可以放在鍋中煮了。鍋當然要大,水也要多,一定要把藕浸沒。接着,把火開到最大,等水沸後,改成中小火,並且加入冰糖。一大鍋水要放七兩到一斤冰糖,煮至少四個小時。

  藕煮好,切也是一門學問。燙的時候不能切,容易碎;冷透了切,又不好吃了。將藕取出去後,輕輕地剝去外面的皮,等藕不燙手,切成片,趁熱吃,最是香糯。切藕的刀,要够薄够快,切的动作也要利落,一刀是一刀,絕不能拖泥帶水,否則的話,藕孔裡的糯米會被刀帶出來。

  裝藕的盤子不用花哨,樸素最好,纯白的瓷盘微红的糯米藕,已是绝配。

  這糯米藕的甜味,靠的是文火大湯,慢慢地煮進去,那甜在有意無意之間,又不会掩盖藕本来的清香。這種做法,講究的就是一個耐心,絕對不能象菜場攤子那樣,用高壓鍋煮得酥透,再淋上極稠的廉價紅糖汁。那種糯米藕,是要吃倒胃口的。

Note of baking calculator project – number 3

Note of baking calculator project – number 3

I’m continuously learning Perl/Tk by reading the book O’Reilly Mastering Perl/Tk, I finished the second chapter today which talks about the Geometry Management and ‘pack’ method. The key notes are as follow:

  • With the exception of place, differences between the geometry managers make it difficult (not entirely impossible, but definitely not recommended) to use more than one geometry manager within the same area. … because the two geometry managers will get into a race condition …
  • Frame within a window that uses a different geometry manager.
  • With the pack geometry manager, our windows are similar to the wooden puzzle, because widgets cannot overlap or cover each other, partially or completely.
  • @list = $parentwidget->packSlaves( );
    packSlaves returns an ordered list of all the widgets that were packed into $parentwidget.

Perl and Unicode

Perl and Unicode

I continued reviewing Perl this morning; more and more things came back. I read the Chapter 15 Unicode of O’Reeilly Programming Perl and found some useful links. The main concept of Perl Unicode is that from version 5.6, Perl thinks in character instead of byte. The biggest effected function is regular expression, the most powerful tool of Perl. Also, I read articles from ISO 10646, which is a big5+Hongkong charset. I tried a software convert between different charset, the software called ConvFairy (difficult to find it, you’d better try search by yourself since the links are always broken). The articles from Unicode Consortium are also very good and recommended to have a look.

清蒸仔魚 油燜筍 蘇式爆鱔 面拖蟹 糯米塞藕 蟬翼黃瓜

Today, Lara and I went to the food market. Later on, I did cooking.

20040221_cooking_cooking_01.jpg
清蒸仔魚
steamed river fish (Zi Yu).

20040221_cooking_cooking_02.jpg
油燜筍
oil steamed bamboo shot.

20040221_cooking_cooking_03.jpg
蘇式爆鱔
deep fried Suzhou-style eel.

20040221_cooking_cooking_04.jpg
面拖蟹
stir-fried crab.

20040221_cooking_cooking_05.jpg
糯米塞藕
lotus root with sticky rice inside.

20040221_cooking_cooking_07.jpg
The preparation for the sweet-and-sour cucumber.

20040221_cooking_cooking_06.jpg
蟬翼黃瓜
sweet-and-sour cucumber.

Note of baking calculator project – number 2

Note of baking calculator project – number 1

This morning, I did a quick and dirty review of the Perl by reading the famous Johan Vromans’ Perl Quick Reference Guide. Perl is great for me; I felt that after read the 31 pages reference. Afternoon, I firstly read Steve Lidie’s Getting Started With Perl/Tk and the book of O’Reilly Master Perl/Tk, designed the version and about windows for the application.


Above: The version window of the baking calculator.


Above: The about window of the baking calculator.

Apache httpd upgraded and re-configured

The website is running under httpd 1.3.29 for a long time, and these days it became slower and slower, I decided to upgrade it to httpd 2.0.48.
I downloaded it, configured it and did make, make install. Everything looked ok but I can’t find any information in the PID. Actually it automatically quit the process immediately.
I checked the error log, it said as follow:
[Fri Feb 20 20:41:17 2004] [alert] (22)Invalid argument: setgid: unable to set
group id to Group 4294967295
[Fri Feb 20 20:41:18 2004] [alert] Child 15144 returned a Fatal error…
Apache is exiting!
Fatal error, the biggest problem under linux is always the most difficult problem. I read manual and found that “Group #-1” wasn’t accepted by the server, I changed it into “Group root”, done.
Another problem I got was that the IE browser can’t automatically arecognize the charset of the pages. I changed all my Chinese pages information from tp . The only difference is that the letter case. Even THML document is case insensitive, but I read some articles say that has to be upper case.
One more step, I added following lines into httpd.conf:
AddDefaultCharset off
AddCharset GB2312 .GB2312 .GB2312
Wow, the problem solved.