强手游戏规则试译

大家都玩过强手(大富翁,Monopoly)吧?但是有些规则,一直搞混的,比如“在牢里能不能收钱”、“出狱规则”等,所以有分歧的地方,译了一下。
Object
The object of the game is to become the wealthiest player
through buying, renting and selling of property.
EQUIPMENT
The equipment consists of a board, 2 dice, tokens, 32 houses and 12 Hotels.
There are 16 Chance and 16 Community Chest cards, 28 Title Deed cards
(one for each property), and play money.
PREPARATION
Place the board on a table and put the Chance and Community Chest cards face down on their allotted spaces on the board. Each player chooses one token to represent them while traveling around the board. Each player is given $1500 divided as follows:
        •        2 $500’s, 2 $100’s, 2 $50’s, 6 $20’s, 5 $10’s, 5 $5’s, and 5 $1’s.
        •        All remaining money and other equipment go to the Bank.
BANKER
 
Select as Banker a player who will also make a good Auctioneer.  A Banker who plays in the game must keep there personal funds separate from those of the Bank. When more than five persons play, the Banker may elect to act only as Banker and Auctioneer.
THE BANK
Besides the Bank’s money, the Bank holds the Title Deeds, and the houses and hotels prior to purchase by the players. The Bank pays salaries and bonuses. It sells and auctions properties and hands out the proper Title Deed cards when purchased by a player, it also sells houses and hotels to the players and loans money when required on mortgages. The Bank collects all taxes, fines, loans and interest, and the price of all properties which it sells and auctions. The Bank “never goes broke”. If the Bank runs out of money, the Banker may issue as much as needed by writing on any ordinary paper.
THE PLAY
 
Starting with the Banker, each player in turn throws the dice. The player with the highest total starts the play. Place your token on the corner marked “GO”, then throw the dice and move your token (in the direction of the arrow) the number of spaces indicated by the dice. After you have completed your play, the turn passes to the left. The tokens remain on the spaces occupied and proceed from that point on the player’s next turn. Two or more tokens may rest on the same space at the same time. Depending on the space your token reaches, you may be entitled to buy real estate or other properties, or be obliged to pay rent, pay taxes, draw a Chance or Community Chest card, Go To Jail, or etc…
If you throw doubles, you move your token as usual, the sum of the two dice, and are subject to any privileges or penalties pertaining to the space on which you land. Retaining the dice, throw again and move your token as before. If you throw doubles three times in succession, move your token immediately to the space marked “In Jail”.
如果你掷出相同的点,将两者相加,象通常一样往前行走,根据到达地遵守奖惩。然后,再扔一次,同样前行。如果第三次依然扔出相同的点,则立刻被关进“监狱”。
GO
Each time a player’s token lands on or passes over GO, whether by throwing the dice or drawing a card, the Banker pays that player a $200 salary.
        •        The $200 is paid only once each time around the board. However, if a player passing GO on the throw of the dice lands 2 spaces beyond it on Community Chest, or 7 spaces beyond it on Chance, and draws the “Advance to GO” card, they collect $200 for passing GO the first time, and another $200 for Advancing to it the second time by the instructions on the card.
BUYING PROPERTY
购买地产
 
Whenever you land on an unowned property you may buy that property from the Bank at its printed price. You receive the Title Deed card showing ownership. Place the title deed card face up in front of you. If you do not wish to buy the property, the Bank sells it at thru an auction to the highest bidder. The high bidder pays the Bank the amount of the bid in cash and receives the Title Deed card for that property.
        •        Any player, including the one who declined the option to buy it at the printed price, may bid. Bidding may start at any rice.
只要你走到无主的地产,你就可以从银行以例示价格购买该地产。你会收到地契,以示所有权。把地契面朝上放置。如果你不想购买该地产,银行则将之卖给出价最高的人。出价最高的人以现钞支付给银行,获得地契。
        •        任何玩家,包括拒绝以全价购买的玩家,都可以竞拍。竞拍可以从任何价格开始。
PAYING RENT
 
When you land on a property that is owned by another player, the owner collects rent from you in accordance with the list printed on its Title Deed card.
        •        If the property is mortgaged, no rent can be collected. When a property is mortgaged, its Title Deed card is placed face down in front of the owner.
It is an advantage to hold all the Title Deed cards in a color-group (i.e., Boardwalk and Park Place, or Connecticut, Vermont and Oriental Avenues) because the owner may then charge double rent for unimproved properties in that color-group. This rule applies to unmortgaged properties even if another property in that color-group is mortgaged.
It is even more advantageous to have houses or hotels on properties because rents are much higher than for unimproved properties. The owner may not collect the rent if they fail to ask for it before the second player following throws the dice.
CHANCE AND COMMUNITY CHEST
When you land on either of these spaces, take the top card from the deck indicated, follow the instructions and return the card face down to the bottom of the deck. The “Get Out of Jail Free” card is held until used and then returned to the bottom of the deck. If the player who draws it does not wish to use it, then they may sell it, at any time, to another player at a price agreeable to both.
INCOME TAX
 
If you land here you have two options: You may estimate your tax at $200 and pay the Bank, or you may pay 10% of your total worth to the Bank. Your total worth is all your cash on hand, printed prices of mortgaged and unmortgaged properties and cost price of all buildings you own.
        •        You must decide which option you will take before you add up your total worth.
JAIL
监狱
 
You land in Jail when…
        •        (1) Your token lands on the space marked “Go to Jail”,
        •        (2)you draw a card marked “Go to Jail” or
        •        (3)you throw doubles three times in succession.
进狱规则
        •        (1) 正好走到 “Go to Jail”,
        •        (2) 拿到的卡上写着 “Go to Jail”
        •        (3) 三次扔出同点数的骰子.
When you are sent to Jail you cannot collect your $200 salary in that move since, regardless of where your token is on the board, you must move directly into Jail. Your turn ends when you are sent to Jail.
If you are not “sent to jail” but in the ordinary course of play lands on that space, you are
“Just Visiting”, you incur no penalty, and you move ahead in the usual manner on your next turn. You still are able to collect rent on your properties because you are
“Just Visiting”.
A player gets out of Jail by…
        •        (1) Throwing doubles on any of your next three turns, if you succeed in doing this you immediately move forward the number of spaces shown by your doubles throw. Even though you had thrown doubles, you do not take another turn.
        •        (2) Using the “Get Out of Jail Free Card”
        •        (3) Purchasing the “Get Out of Jail Free Card from another player and playing it.
        •        (4) Paying a fine of $50 before you roll the dice on either of your next two turns. If you do not throw doubles by your third turn, you must pay the $50 fine. You then get out of Jail and immediately move forward the number of spaces shown by your throw. Even though you are in Jail, you may buy and sell property, buy and sell houses and hotels and collect rents.
出狱规则
        •        (1) 在下面三轮的任何一轮,扔出同点的骰子,如果成功,按扔出的点数行走。即使扔出同点,也不能再走一轮。
        •        (2) 使用 “Get Out of Jail Free” 卡片
        •        (3) 从其他玩家手中购买并使用 “Get Out of Jail Free” 卡片
        •        (4) 在后面两轮前,支付$50后,掷骰行走,或在第三轮没有掷出同点,支付$50后行走。即使在牢里,你依然可以买卖地产,买卖房子并且收取租金。
FREE PARKING
 
A player landing on this place does not receive any money, property or reward of any kind.
This is just a “free” resting place.
HOUSES
房子
 
When a player owns all the properties in a color-group they may buy houses from the Bank and erect them on those properties. If you buy one house, you may put it on any one of those properties. The next house you buy must be erected on one of the unimproved properties of this or any other complete color-group you may own. The price you must pay the Bank for each house is shown on your Title Deed card for the property on which you erect the house. The owner still collects double rent from an opponent who lands on the unimproved properties of there complete color-group.
如果一个玩家拥有同一颜色的所有地产,他可以向银行购买房子并且竖立于这些地产上。如果你购买1幢房子,你可以放置在这些地产中的任何一块。以后的房子必须放置在这组地产的空地或其它组地产上。每块地产上建立房子的价格显示在地契上。对于没有建房的地产,拥有人依然可以收取双倍的租金,只要他拥有同一组地产。
Following the above rules, you may buy and erect at any time as many houses as your judgment and financial standing will allow. But you must build evenly, i.e., you cannot erect more than one house on any one property of any color-group until you have built one house on every property of that group. You may then begin on the second row of houses, and so on, up to a limit of four houses to a property. For example, you cannot build three Houses on one property if you have only one house on another property of that group.
根据上面的规则,你可以根据自己的判断和经济情况,在任何时候够买房子。但你必须平均建房,就是说只有同一颜色组上都建了一幢房子,你才可以建第二幢,真到建满四幢。例如,当同一颜色组的地产上各有一幢房子时,你不能在某卖地产上建三幢房子。
As you build evenly, you must also break down evenly if you sell houses back to the Bank (see SELLING PROPERTY)..
就象建房一样,当卖房的时候,也必须等同地售卖。
HOTELS
When a player has four houses on each property of a complete color-group, they may buy a hotel from the Bank and erect it on any property of the color-group. They return the four houses from that property to the Bank and pays the price for the hotel as shown on the Title Deed card. Only one hotel may be erected on any one property.
BUILDING SHORTAGES
 
When the Bank has no houses to sell, players wishing to build must wait for some player to return or sell their houses to the Bank before building. If there are a limited number of houses and hotels available and two or more players wish to buy more than the Bank has, the houses or hotels must be sold at auction to the highest bidder.
当银行没有房子可以售卖的时候,想造房子的玩家必须等到其它的玩家把房子还给银行或者卖给银行时才能建造。当有两个以上的玩家想买数量有限的房子时,必须通过拍卖的方式,卖给出价最高的玩家。
SELLING PROPERTY
资产售卖
 
Unimproved properties, railroads and utilities (but not buildings) may be sold to any player as a private transaction for any amount the owner can get. However, no property can be sold to another player if buildings are standing on any properties of that color-group. Any buildings so located must be sold back to the Bank before the owner can sell any property of that color-group.
没有建房的地产,铁路以及公共设施允许以任何价格以私人交易方式售卖给其他玩家。然而,同一颜色组中的地产只要建了房子,就不能被售卖。同一颜色组的中的地产在售卖前,房子必须先卖还给银行。
Houses and Hotels may be sold back to the Bank at any time for one-half the price paid for them. All houses on one color-group may be sold at once, or they may be sold one house at a time (one hotel equals five houses), evenly, in reverse of the manner in which they were erected.
房子和酒店可以在任何时候以半价卖还给银行。同一颜色组的房子可以一次卖给银行,也可以一次只卖一幢(一个酒店相当于五幢房子),也可以与建房相反的顺序卖还给银行。
MORTGAGES
抵押
 
Unimproved properties can be mortgaged through the Bank at any time. Before an improved property can be mortgaged, all the buildings on all the properties of its color-group must be sold back to the Bank at half price. The mortgage value is printed on each Title Deed card.
未建房地方可以在任何时候抵押给银行。已建房地产在抵押前,必须先将同一颜色组中的所有房产卖还给银行。抵押价格印在地契上。
No rent can be collected on mortgaged properties or utilities, but rent can be collected on unmortgaged properties in the same group.
被抵押地产和公共设施不能收取租金,但是同一颜色组中的未抵押地产,依然可以收取租金。
In order to lift the mortgage, the owner must pay the Bank the amount of mortgage plus 10% interest. When all the properties of a color-group are no longer mortgaged, the owner may begin to buy back houses at full price.
为了偿还抵押,所有者必须支持抵押金的十分之一作为利息。当同一颜色组中的所有的地产都不再抵押,拥有者可以开始用全价购买房子。
The player who mortgages property retains possession of it and no other player may secure it by lifting the mortgage from the Bank. However, the owner may sell this mortgaged property to another player at any agreed price. If you are the new owner, you may lift the mortgage at once if you wish by paying off the mortgage plus 10% interest to the Bank. If the mortgage if not lifted at once, you must pay the Bank 10% interest when you buy the property and if you lift the mortgage later you must pay the Bank an additional 10% interest as well as the amount of the mortgage.
抵押者依然对地产拥有所有权,任何其他玩家不能从银行购买。然而,拥有者可以将被抵押的资产以任何价格售卖给其他玩家。如果你是新的拥有者,你可以用抵押金外加十分之一的利息立刻从银行赎回。如果不是立刻从银行赎回,你必须额外再支付10%(总共20%)的利息,才能赎回。
BANKRUPTCY
 
You are declared bankrupt if you owe more than you can pay either to another player or to the Bank. If your debt is to another player, you must turn over to that player all that you have of value and retire from the game.
In making this settlement, if you own houses or hotels, you must return these to the Bank in exchange for money to the extent of one-half the amount paid for them.
This cash is given to the creditor. If you have mortgaged property you also turn this property over to your creditor but the new owner must at once pay the Bank the amount of interest on the loan, which is 10% of the value of the property.
The new owner who does this may then, at their option, pay the principal or hold the property until some later turn, then lift the mortgage. If they hold property in this way until a later turn, they must pay the interest again upon lifting the mortgage.
Should you owe the Bank, instead of another player, more than you can pay (because of taxes or penalties) even by selling off buildings and mortgaging property, you must turn over all assets to the Bank. In this case, the Bank immediately sells by auction all property so taken, except buildings. A bankrupt player must immediately retire from the game. The last player left in the game wins.
MISCELLANEOUS
 
Money can be loaned to a player only by the Bank and then only by mortgaging property. No player may borrow from or lend money to another player.
只有银行才可以通过抵押的方式贷款给玩家。任何玩家不得与其它玩家发生借贷。
RULES for a SHORTGAME
 
There are three changed rules for this Short Game.
1. During PREPARATION for play, the Banker shuffles the pack of Title Deed cards, then the player to the left cuts them, then the Banker deals out two, one at a time, to each player. The players must immediately pay the Bank the printed price of each. Play then begins as in the regular game.
2. In this short game, it is necessary to have only three houses (instead of four) on each lot of a complete color-group before the player may buy a hotel. Rent for a hotel remains the same as in the regular game. The turn-in value of a hotel is still one-half the purchase price, which in this game is one house fewer than in the regular game.
3. END OF GAME. The first player to go bankrupt retires from play, as in the regular game. However, when the second bankruptcy occurs, the game ends. Play immediately ceases, with the bankrupt player’s turning over to there creditor all that they have of value, including buildings and any other properties.
This happens whether the creditor is a rival player or the Bank.
Each remaining player then values his/her property.
        •        (1) Cash on hand
        •        (2) Lots, Utilities and Railroads owned, at the price printed on the board.
        •        (3) Any mortgaged property owned, at one-half the price printed on the board.
        •        (4) Houses, valued at purchase price.
        •        (5) Hotels, valued at purchase price including the value of the
        •        three houses turned in.
THE RICHEST PLAYER WINS!.
ANOTHER GOOD SHORT GAME
 
TIME LIMIT GAME…Before starting, agree upon a definite hour of termination, when the richest player will be declared The winner. Before starting, the Banker shuffles and cuts the Title Deed cards and deals two to each player. Players immediately pay the Bank the price of the properties dealt to them.

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