Monthly Archives: February 2014

加油方法与燃油荷载表

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所有提到Ramzzess波音777的文档都一再说不要用X-Plane自带的加油菜单来加油,但好多飞行发现X-Plane自带的加油好象也挺顺畅的,其实这是不对的。
如果用X-Plane自带的加油菜单加油,X-Plane会等分地把油加到左右机翼以及中央油箱中,而事实上,正确的加油方式是先加满机翼的油箱然后再加到中央油箱。同样,放油的时候是倒过来的,先放空中央油箱然后在处理两边的。
如果遵循上述规则用X-Plane的内建菜单加油,那没什么问题,否则的话,会有大麻烦的。

777 checklist

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Checklist B777

          uncheck Custom Failures, Real Limits, Hide Yokes, Real Time

          check Chocks, Doors MAN, Stairs

          open doors (Shift + F1/F2)

          Battery: ON

          check GPU1 + GPU2

          EXT PWR Prim & Sec: ON

          check Passenger Bus, Fuel Truck

          Press Load Fuel Button (Menu).

PREFLIGHT PROCEDURE:

          cargo temperature selector: LOW

          LP all ON,

          Window Heat: ON, L + R ENG: ON,

          No Smoking, Seatbelt: ON

          ENG EEC Mode: NORM, L/R Start/Ignition: NORM, AUTOSTART: ON

          WING, ENG Anti-Ice: AUTO, NAV: ON, (at night Logo: ON)

          RP all ON/AUTO

          Recall: Check

          Auto brake- RTO

          FMC Selector- AUTO

          Rudder Trim- 0

          turn on the right radio and select the right radio (press: OFF, WHF R, MIC Call L)

          transponder: XPNDR – L, ALT Source: Norm, Standby

          FMS – FMS1, Pos Init, Add Airport, select GPS Pos and click on Set Inertial Pos

          FMS – Route- set origin and destination. / Next / Build Route (Waypoints or navaids- Right, airways left)

          FMS – Press LEGS(EFIS: switch MAP & set range) FMS – pres STEP and check route

          FMS – back to Route press Activate + press EXEC

          FMS – save Route: press RTE, write Route Name, click SAVE (Load Route: enter saved name and click CO Route)

          FMS – when Route is OK set FLT NO

          Listen to ATIS: turn on left radio panel (press OFF + WHF L), set frequency and set as active, press MIC Call L

          FMS – Press DEP/ARR, press DEP, select RW + SID, Press EXEC

          EFIS:  change to BARO + press RST(reset Minimums)

          press FPV (ON) (flight path vector)

          Set QNH

          VOR or ADF switch: ON

          map range: 10

          TFS (traffic switch) = ON (TCAS OFF)

          F/D – on, A/T- Arm,

          Heading- TRK

          altitude selector from AUTO to 1000

          Recall: Check(NO VSPD, TCAS OFF)

          check speed brakes – forward, Thrust idle, Flaps up, fuel control switches Cutoff

          SPD Weather radar panel press WXT

          center Radio Panel on

          OBS Audio: NORM

          LP switch APU: Start

          if APU Running: EXT PWR Prim & Sec: OFF

          uncheck GPUs, Pass Bus, Fuel Truck,

PREFLIGHT checklist: completed

BEFORE START PROCEDURE:

Delivery Clearance

          FMS Performance Information Entry: press INIT REf,

          FMS set Reserve and press Request, set CRZ ALT, Set Cost index

          FMS Press Thrust Lim, set Temperature

          FMS Press Takeoff, press Request, set Flaps (5), click V speeds to make them big,

          EFIS set V2, ARM LNAV + VNAV, set RW heading, initial climb Altitude

          close Doors, uncheck: Stairs, Doors, Chocks

PUSH Clearance

          Pushback

          Pressurize hydraulic: C1-ELEC-C2 : ON, L + R ELEC / C1-AIR-C2 : AUTO

          Pressurize Fuel Pumps: ON

          Beacon: ON

          Recall: Check (DOORS AUTO, PAS SIGNS ON, APU RUNN, AUTOBRAKE RTO, PARK BREAK SET)

          SET Trim for Takeoff

BEFORE START checklist: completed

START Clearance

          START ENGINE: Start/Ignition: START,  Fuel control switch: ON

AFTER START PROCEDURE:

          LP APU: OFF

          Engine Anti-Ice: As required

          Recall: Check

AFTER START checklist: completed

BEFORE TAKEOFF PROCEDURE:

TAXI CLEARANCE

          Taxi and Turnoff Lights: ON

          Flaps: for Takeoff

          Release brakes and taxi (Turn: 10, Straight: 25)

BEFORE TAKEOFF checklist: completed

TAKEOFF PROCEDURE:

TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

          Landing lights: ON, Taxi lights: OFF, Strobe: ON,

          SPDP Transponder: TA/RA

          WFR: as Required

          Start Flight Clock Timer

          Thrust Levelers at 55%N1, press TOGA Button

          80 Knots

          V1

          VR: Rotate

          Positive Rate: Gears UP

          Engage A/P (over 200ft AGL)

          Verify LNAV at 400ft

          Verify VNAC at 1000ft

          Retract Flaps

AFTER TAKEOFF checklis
t: completed

CLIMB PROCEDURE:

          Engine Anti-Ice: Auto

          at Transition Alt, QNH: STD

          FL100: Landing, RW Turnoff Lights: OFF

          FL200: Seat Belts: Auto

CRUISE PROCEDURE:

          When FUEL LOW CENTER msg. then CTR FUEL PUMP: OFF

DESCENT PROCEDURE:

          near T/D: FMS DEP/ARR, press DEP, select RW + STAR, Press EXEC

          Minimums: set

          verify VREF Speed

          Auto brake: as required

DESCENT CLEARANCE

          Seat Belts: ON

APPROACH PROCEDURE:

          FL100: Landing, RW Turnoff Lights: ON

          Engine Anti-Ice: As required

          Transition Alt: set QNH

APPROACH checklist: completed

LANDING PROCEDURE:

          Flaps

          LOC an G/S Pointers

          APP Mode: Arm

          Localizer Capture: Checked

          at G/S alive: Gear Down

          Speed Brake: ARM

LANDING CLEARANCE(live on ILS)

          set missed approach Alt.

          At final approach fix/OM, verify crossing altitude.

LANDING checklist: completed

Go-AROUND PROCEDURE:

          push TO/GA

          Flaps: 20

          Positive Rate: Gears UP

          400ft LNAV or HDG SEL

          after retracted FLAPS VNAV or FLCH

AFTER TAKEOFF checklist: completed

AFTER LANDING PROCEDURE:

TAXI CLEARANCE

          Speed brake: Down

          Start APU

          Taxi Light: ON, Landing, Strobe Light: OFF

          WXR: OFF

          Auto brake: OFF

          Flaps: UP

          Transponder STBY

          at Parking Position: Taxi, RW Turnoff light: OFF

SHUTDOWN PROCEDURE:

          Parking brake: set

          Eng Anti-Ice: AUTO

          GPU 1,2

          EXT PWR Prim & Sec ON

          Fuel Control Switch: CUTOFF

          Seatbelts: OFF

          C1,C2 Primary pump switch: OFF

          Demand pump switch: OFF

          Fuel pump switch: OFF

          Beacon: OFF

          Chocks

          Parking Brake: Release

          APU: OFF

SHUTDOWN checklist: completed

SECURE PROCEDURE:

          Adiru: OFF

          Emergency Lights switch: OFF

          PACK switch: OFF

SECURE checklist: completed